The following restless-teacher-on-holiday idea was inspired by my six-year-old son who collects various small objects, such as plastic cartoon characters, cards, pictures and stickers offered by supermarkets in campaigns aimed at attracting new customers and/or making the regular ones spend more money. Needless to say, this is a good business move because the kids don't want to stop until they have the complete collection. Most of these collections are cute but pretty useless and they eventually end up deep in a drawer (in the better case). At the moment the supermarket where we do most of the shopping gives out free stickers for each purchase exceeding a certain amount of money. This sticker is then put into a special book (sold by the same shop) containing texts about the world, the universe, nature and the like. Obviously, it's not in the customer's power to influence what stickers they get; that's the 'magic' of the game after all. So if my son gets the same sticker again, the second one becomes redundant. Instead of exchanging those spare stickers with other kids, he started to put them into a blank notepad. At first I didn't understand his approach but later I was just amazed by his creativity - he decided to create a micro-story around each of the images.
As he can't write fluently (he hasn't started school yet), he decided to dictate the stories and I was appointed to record them into the notepad next to the picture. His style is clearly influenced by the style of bedtime stories he hears every night but his own language is still somewhat clumsy. So I automatically changed some tiny bits while recording his words. I didn't do it to make his story 100% perfect but to make it sound more natural. So I inconspicuously
Otherwise, I tried not to interfere too. I occasionally asked some questions to check if I understood what he intended to express. I also suggested a couple of basic rules, such as that each story needs an appropriate beginning and an ending. When my son asked me to read the stories aloud for him, he obviously noticed that I had changed some things. To my surprise, he acknowledged them without further ado. What immediately caught my attention was that by applying the tips he had previously learnt he got better and better with every new story. He gradually grew fond of certain words or chunks of language I had suggested, such as once upon a time, they lived happily ever after, till the end of time, all of a sudden and he started using them naturally.
- added more interesting and/or appropriate adjectives and adverbs
- avoided repeating the same words again and again
- changed the word order slightly to convey the right meaning
- added some linking words to make to text more cohesive
You may ask why I'm describing what I do with my son in my free time when this is an ELT-related blog. Well, I believe that this activity is perfect for an EFL lesson. I imagine that it may be used in one-to-one lessons (teacher scaffolding the student) as well as with mixed-ability classes (students working in pairs - the writer and the editor - swapping roles). Based on my ELT experience and observations of my son's learning outcomes, I believe that the students will benefit for several reasons:
They will cooperate and rely on each other. This kind of synergie will bring better and/or more interesting results.
They will practise peer correction.
The weaker student can learn from the stronger one.
The stronger one will learn by helping the weaker one (I did learn myself).
They will learn new language and forms of expression from each other.
They will practise speaking as well as writing (spelling, vocabulary, linking words).
They will practise forming phrases, sentences as well as shaping longer stretches of text.
They will practise giving feedback and justifying their ideas.
They will learn in an engaging way - they will work with visual aids using their imagination and fantasy.
They will only be restricted by space and several basic rules. They will be able to include as much 'art' as they wish to, which will motivate them.
They will be in charge of the content as well as their own learning.
They will be challenged but not discouraged by an unpopular or difficult task, which writing longer piece of text sometimes is.
If the same/similar format is practised over and over again, some specific language areas will gradually sink in and the learner will improve significantly.
I find the magic of these micro-stories in the fact that they don't need an amazing twist. They just flow naturally from point A to point B. Simplicity is what makes them lovely and interesting. As they don't need to be gripping or too elaborated, they can be written on the spot, at one go. Thus the language doesn't need to be too complex or advanced either (but it can be, of course). All the writer needs is inspiration and some basic rules of decent writing to follow.
It seems that, for the first time ever, the stickers won't end up in the dust bin. The bonus is that they are all related to holiday time so they'll come handy in September when the semester starts. Here's a tip for those who don't have passionate sticker collectors at home: you can use old postcards, magazine pictures, Pelmanism cards or simply go to Eltpics resource.